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The Summary of William Golding’s Lord of the Flies

William Golding’s classic novel is an exploration into the depths of human nature and society. Through a group of young boys, schoolboys, stranded on a deserted island, you witness how their attempts to survive unleash a dark and frightening side of human nature. Read our summary and discover their thrilling journey as they fight for survival. Keep in mind it is all fiction though.

Introduction to the Story

Lord of the Flies is a classic novel written by Nobel Prize-winning author William Golding. It was first published in 1954.

The Plot Summary of Lord of the Flies

The story tells the tale of a group of English schoolboys stranded on a deserted island after their plane crashes in an unknown area of the ocean. Left alone to fend for themselves, the boys attempt to form their own society and government through civilized rules and law. However, as time passes, they quickly realize that maintaining these regulations takes more strength than they have, leading them to abandon all pretense of civility and descend into chaos.

Book Summary of Lord of the Flies

A story of young British schoolboys who find themselves stranded on an uninhabited tropical island in the Pacific Ocean after their plane crashes. The boys are left without adult supervision and are forced to fend for themselves.

At first, the young boys attempt to maintain order and establish rules, with Ralph calling a meeting and using a conch shell to bring the boys together. But as time goes on, the boys begin to split into factions, with Jack and his hunters going off to hunt wild pigs and steal Piggy’s glasses, while Ralph and Piggy try to maintain order and keep a signal fire burning on the mountain in hopes of being rescued.

The young boys become obsessed with hunting and killing pigs, and eventually, they kill a sow and place its head on a stick as an offering to the “beast” they believe is on the island. Simon, a boy named after the author, begins to have visions of the “beast,” but realizes that it is just a dead man’s body.

As the boys spend more time on the island, they become increasingly savage and violent, with Jack eventually declaring himself the leader of his own tribe and inviting the other boys to join him. The older boys join Jack, while the younger boys remain loyal to Ralph.

As tensions between the two groups of boys escalate, Ralph confronts Jack, but Jack punches Piggy and steals his glasses, leaving the boys without a way to start a fire. The boys raid Ralph’s camp and steal Piggy’s glasses, and in the chaos, Simon returns to tell the boys that there is no “beast,” but they mistake him for the creature and kill him.

In the midst of the chaos, a ship passes by the island, but the boys refuse to light a signal fire because they are too focused on hunting and killing. Eventually, Ralph manages to blow the conch shell and call the remaining boys together, and they are rescued by a British naval officer.

The novel explores themes of fear, power, leadership, and the dark side of human nature. The novel offers a powerful commentary on the fragility of society and the dangers of losing one’s sense of morality and humanity in the face of adversity.

Analysis of Key Themes in the Book

One key theme in lord of the Flies is that of individual vs. society – with Ralph and Piggy striving to preserve what is left of their structured civilization while Jack embraces anarchy and savagery.

The struggle for power between Ralph and Jack is another central theme of the novel. Jack seeks power and control over the other boys, while Ralph tries to maintain order and keep the boys from descending into chaos.

The consequences of unchecked power are also explored in the novel, as Jack’s tribe becomes the dominant force on the island and engages in brutal acts of violence.

Another key theme explored in the novel is human nature – with Golding proclaiming ‘man produces evil as a bee produces honey’.

The violence, destruction, and inner conflict on the island amongst the boys demonstrate this depravity of humankind and explore how things can quickly turn chaotic when left to their own devices.

Of course, this is all imagination and there is in fact a real-life example from 1965 when six boys were stranded on an island. This turned out very different from the human-nature thoughts in the novel.

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Book Review, Conclusion & Critiques of Golding’s Novel

“Lord of the Flies” has received both critical praise and criticism since its publication in 1954. I greatly enjoyed reading it.

Even though it jas received both praise and criticism, I believe it is important to remember the book was written in 1954. I agree the book enforces stereotypes and this is not a good thing.

The reality is, however, that with knowledge we create new knowledge, and in 1954 people, including authors, were not as woke as they are today. To get angry with Wielding for stereotyping to me is the same as getting angry with a train driver from 1890 for driving a diesel engine locomotive and polluting the air.

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The Most Important Criticisms

One of the main criticisms of the novel is that it reinforces negative stereotypes and reinforces patriarchal beliefs. Critics argue that the character of Jack, who becomes the leader of the tribe and embodies savagery, is portrayed as inherently masculine.

Ralph, on the other hand, the elected leader who tries to maintain order and civilization, is portrayed as weaker and less masculine. This reinforces the idea that men are inherently violent and savage, while women are passive and nurturing.

Another criticism of the novel is that it oversimplifies human behavior and the consequences of a lack of authority. Some argue that the boys’ descent into savagery is too rapid and lacks nuance. They also argue the novel does not take into account other factors that could have contributed to the breakdown of their society, such as psychological trauma and the effects of isolation.

Despite these criticisms, “Lord of the Flies” has also received widespread critical acclaim. Many have praised the novel for its thought-provoking themes and powerful exploration of human nature.

The novel’s vivid descriptions of the island and the boys’ descent into savagery make it a captivating read, and its themes continue to resonate with audiences today.

Overall, the novel remains a seminal work of 20th-century literature and a powerful exploration of human nature and the consequences of a lack of authority. Despite its criticisms, it continues to be widely read and discussed, and its themes continue to inspire new interpretations and discussions.


What is the story of “Lord of the Flies”?

It is a novel about a group of British schoolboys who are stranded on an uninhabited island and must fend for themselves. The story explores the inherent evil of human nature and the consequences of a lack of societal structure and authority. The story follows the boys as they try to establish their own society and their eventual descent into violence and savagery.

Who are the main characters in “Lord of the Flies”?

The main characters in “Lord of the Flies” are Ralph, Jack, and Piggy. Ralph is the elected leader of the group and tries to maintain order and keep the boys from descending into chaos. Jack is the leader of a tribe of hunters and drowns in the power he holds over the others. Piggy is a bespectacled boy who serves as a voice of reason and practicality.

What are the key themes in “Lord of the Flies”?

The key themes in “Lord of the Flies” are power, savagery, and human nature. The novel explores the struggle for power between Ralph and Jack, the boys’ descent into violence and savagery, and the inherent evil of human nature. The consequences of unchecked power and the role of authority are also explored in the story.

Who wrote “Lord of the Flies”?

The book was written by William Golding.

When was “Lord of the Flies” published?

The book was first published in 1954.

Why are the boys stranded on the island in “Lord of the Flies”?

The boys are stranded on the island because their plane crashed during a war.

What is the significance of the title “Lord of the Flies”?

The title “Lord of the Flies” is a reference to a biblical story in which Beelzebub, a demon, is referred to as the “lord of the flies.” In the novel, the term is used to refer to the sow’s head that Jack’s tribe uses as a symbol of their power and control over the island. The title suggests the idea that evil can take many forms and can be found in unexpected places.

How does the Lord of the Flies book End?

The Lord of the Flies book ends with almost all the boys dying and the island on fire. Only the main characters Ralph and Piggy survive. They are being rescued by a ship that sees the smoke from the fire.

How many Chapters does the Lord of the Flies Book have?

The book has twelve chapters

Shalini (1)
My name is Shalini and I love reading a lot. On this blog I review most of the books I have read. Hope you enjoy.
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